The purpose of UNICEF’s results-based model


In UNICEF, results-based management supports multiple actors in working together to create meaningful change in children’s lives. It means planning and tracking the achievement of actual results to support more effective programming, more efficient resource use, greater accountability and more compelling reporting. It requires planning for, achieving and demonstrating not just that activities have been completed, but that results have been realized for people on the ground. As such, it is applicable throughout the whole programming cycle and in all UNICEF offices, programmes and teams.


The assumptions or hypotheses about what inputs, activities, outputs and outcomes are both necessary and sufficient to create the desired results for children are our theories of change. We examine the coherence and logic of our theories. Then, as we implement what we have planned, we monitor, make adjustments and evaluate to determine if our intervention is making the hoped-for difference.


Level 1

Country Programme. Priority result areas per country

Result areas are agreed upon UNICEF and Governments, and signed off by the Executive Board every 5 years. UNICEF’s annual allotment of funds is done responding to those areas.

Level 2

Outcomes. Major areas of improvement

The result areas are broken down into specific fields of improvement that will help Country Offices plan and track specific actions better. Areas of improvement generally involve a diversity of actors. For example, improving education results among girls depends on coordinated efforts from UNICEF, Governments, Schools and Families.

Level 3

Outputs. Unicef's specific actions

Specific actions to address the different areas of improvement are put in place by UNICEF. Typically, various actions (Outputs) are needed to make a difference in an area of improvement (Outcome).

Level 4

Activities. Key interventions to execute the actions.

The specific actions are finally executed through a number of key interventions, tasks or projects that Country Offices organize on-the-ground.


The result-based model works in 4 levels: Country Programme, Outcomes, Outputs and Activities. While at a Country Programme level, shareholders fix the amount of funds that must be destined to each specific results areas (for example, to improve water sanitation), there is flexibility to allocate the funds in the Outcomes, Outputs and, Activities that will achieve the major objectives more effectively.


Results structure

Budget structure

Work Breakdown Structure


Country Programme

Changes in the conditions of children

WBS Level 1



Changes in the performance of individuals/institutions

WBS Level 2


Changes in capacities of individuals/institutions


WBS Level 3



What we do


WBS Level 4


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Humanitarian Action for Children 2024 Overview

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The challenges to children in humanitarian crises being able to enjoy their rights are substantial; they are interlinked; and they are enduring. UNICEF has the mandate to address the emergency and long-term needs of children and women. UNICEF is rising to the challenge and keep children at the centre of a visionary and forward-thinking humanitarian action.

“UNICEF has the mandate to address the emergency and long-term needs”


Reaching every child requires trusted partnerships on the ground.



UNICEF and partners on the ground go the last mile to reach the most vulnerable and to save lives.

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